What is facade of the Church of the Gesu Rome?

The façade of the church shows the use of columns and pilasters (rectangular columns) similar to the style of Greek and Roman temples. The on the upper section of the façade has curved buttresses which is different to the styles before where the structure was generally rectangular.

What is facade of the Church of the Gesu?

Officially named Chiesa del Santissimo Nome di Gesù all’Argentina (English: Church of the Most Holy Name of Jesus at the “Argentina”), its facade is “the first truly baroque façade”, introducing the baroque style into architecture.

What church does Il Gesù resemble in plan?

Shortly after the closing of the Council of Trent, plans were launched to construct Il Gesù, the first church of the Jesuit order. In 1568, patron Cardinal Alessandro Farnese selected Jacopo da Vignola’s plan for an aisle-less, Latin-cross church with a wide barrel-vaulted nave, broad transepts, and side chapels.

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What period is the church of Gesu?

Erected between 1568 and 1584, Il Gesù was the first Jesuit church built in Rome. It was lavishly decorated during the seventeenth century. Nowadays, the Church of the Gesù (Chiesa del Gesù) is considered to be one of the best examples of Roman Baroque architecture.

When was the Gesu church built?

Construction of Il Gesu began in 1568 and the church was consecrated in 1584. It is the main and first Jesuit church in Rome (the “mother church” of the Jesuits), and served as an architectural pattern for Jesuit churches that were set up throughout Europe during the Counter Reformation and Baroque period.

What does Gesu mean?

British English: Jesus /ˈdʒiːzəs/ NOUN. Jesus or Jesus Christ is the name of the man who Christians believe was the son of God, and whose teachings are the basis of Christianity.

Are there Catholic religious orders other than the Jesuits?

Well-known Roman Catholic religious institutes, not all of which were classified as “orders” rather than “congregations”, include Augustinians, Benedictines, Bridgettines, Carmelites, Dominicans, Franciscans, Jesuits, Piarists, Salesians, Oblates of Mary Immaculate and the Congregation of Holy Cross.

Why was the church of Gesu important?

Construction of Il Gesu began in 1568 and the church was consecrated in 1584. It is the main and first Jesuit church in Rome (the “mother church” of the Jesuits), and served as an architectural pattern for Jesuit churches that were set up throughout Europe during the Counter Reformation and Baroque period.

Who built the Church of the Gesu and what was the architect’s inspiration behind to build this?

Gesù, mother church in Rome of the Jesuit order, designed by Giacomo da Vignola in 1568. The facade, which was the work of Giacomo della Porta, was added in 1575. The Triumph of the Name of Jesus, ceiling fresco by Giovanni Battista Gaulli (Baciccio), 1678–79; in the Gesù, Rome.

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What defines baroque architecture?

Baroque architecture is characterised by dynamic designs and complex architectural plan forms; intended to heighten feelings of motion and sensuality, and frequently based on the oval. There is often a mixture of the repetition, break-up and distortion of Renaissance classical motifs. Common elements include: Grandeur.

Who founded the Society of Jesus known as the Jesuits?

The Jesuits are an apostolic religious community called the Society of Jesus. They are grounded in love for Christ and animated by the spiritual vision of their founder, St. Ignatius of Loyola, to help others and seek God in all things.

Who brought the Baroque style in the Philippines?

The Baroque architecture was brought to the Philippines by the Spanish and developed there during the 17th and 18th century. Churches were the focus of architecture during this period. The distance from Europe and the local influences gave origin to a unique style, adapted to local conditions.

How big is the glorification of Saint Ignatius?

Andrea Pozzo painted this ceiling and trompe-l’oeil dome on a canvas, 17 m wide. The paintings in the apse depict scenes from the life of St. Ignatius, St Francis Xavier and St Francis Borgia.

Why did Pope Paul III bring the Inquisition to Rome?

In 1542, Pope Paul III launched an Inquisition designed to combat the spread of Protestantism. It included crimes related to heresy, blasphemy, Judaizing, witchcraft and censorship of printed material, and it extended into France.

What are the reasons why churches in the Philippines have triangular structure?

The edifice’s massive triangular structure symbolizes the Holy Trinity, as well as the three-fold mission and vision of the school. Its shape and design are also meant to suggest the outstretched arms of the Sacred Heart, and the traditional Filipino bahay kubo (nipa hut).

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How many churches are in Intramuros?

The Seven Churches of Intramuros.